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Physiological systems and areas studied include:

  • The Brain
  • Muscles
  • Heart rate
  • Blood pressure
  • Blood flow
  • Respiration
  • Stress response
  • Skin Temperature
  • Bowel/bladder

Biofeedback, the road to health and wellness…

Examples of Special Applications

Motor Skills Training

  • Helps people learn correct movement, ie: cerebral palsy; stroke rehabilitation
  • Peak Performance Training

    • Elite athletes/Executives
    • “Making the Good… Great”

    Heart & Breath Training

    • Heart Rate Variability
    • Optimal breath training for relaxation
    • Stress management
    • Cardiac issues

    Incontinence Training

    • Because sometimes we lose control

Clinical Applicability of the Test-retest Reliability of qEEG


Alycia M. Roberts1*, Paul T. Fillmore 2, and Scott L. Decker 3

1 Rainbow Babies & Children’s Hospital, Division of

Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics & Psychology, Cleveland,

Ohio, USA

 2 Baylor University, Department of Communication

Sciences and Disorders, Waco, Texas, USA

3 University of South Carolina, Psychology Department, Columbia, South Carolina, USA


Measurement reliability is an important aspect of establishing the utility of scores used in clinical practice.

Although much is known about the reliability of quantitative electroencephalographic (qEEG) metrics related to absolute power, less is known about the reliability of coherence metrics. The current study examined the measurement reliability of coherence metrics across standard frequency bands during an eyes-closed resting state. Reliability was examined both within channel pairs, and averaged across

spatially contiguous channels, to summarize global patterns. We found that while most channel pairs were highly reliable on average, there was substantial variability across channels. Finally, w

e estimated the effect of measurement reliability on the detection of treatment-related neural change.

We concluded that estimates of reliability for treated channels are crucial, and should factor into clinical assessment of treatment efficacy for EEG biofeedback (neurofeedback), especially in cases where large cross-channel variability is present.

Keywords: qEEG; coherence; reliability reliable change Citation: Roberts A. M., Fillmore, P. T., & Decker, S. L. (2016).

Clinical Applicability of the Test retest Reliability of qEEG Coherence NeuroRegulation, 3(1), 7–22. 1


Guidelines for trials of behavioral treatments for recurrent headache, first edition: American Headache Society Behavioral Clinical Trials Workgroup.

Penzien DB, Andrasik F, Freidenberg BM, Houle TT, Lake AE 3rd, Lipchik GL, Holroyd KA, Lipton RB, McCrory DC, Nash JM, Nicholson RA, Powers SW, Rains JC, Wittrock DA; American Headache Society Behavioral Clinical Trials Workgroup.

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Indian J Med Sci. 2007 Aug;61(8):455-61.

Management of patients with fibromyalgia using biofeedback: a randomized control trial.

Babu AS1, Mathew E, Danda D, Prakash H.

Author information



Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a chronic rheumatological condition which could be characterized by generalized pain and fatigue. Cognitive and behavioral therapy has been found to be a suitable technique in the management of FMS. This study intends to evaluate the efficacy of electromyography (EMG) biofeedback to reduce pain in patients with FMS.


A randomized controlled trial involving two groups of FMS patients, one receiving EMG biofeedback and the other a sham biofeedback, was carried out. The assessment tools included in the study were fibromyalgia impact questionnaire (FIQ), visual analogue scale (VAS), six-minute walk test (SMWT) and number of tender points; and tenderness of each tender point was done for both the groups.


A Student's 't' test was used to study the test for significance.


After using biofeedback, the mean VAS scores and the mean number of tender points were found to be 3 out of 10 and 6 out of 18 respectively. Subjective analysis from both groups showed improvement in physical and psychological realms. Statistical significance.


Biofeedback as a treatment modality reduces pain in patients with FMS, along with improvements in FIQ, SMWT and the number of tender points

Babu, A. S., Mathew, E., Danda, D., Prakash, H. (2007). Management of patients with fibromyalgia using biofeedback: A randomized control trial. Indian J Med Sci ., 61 (8), 455-61.